The amount of data on the bats of Spain, Portugal and Gibraltar has seen a rapid increase in recent years. As a quick reference to the information currently available, please follow the links below:

1. Species of bats in Spain, Portugal and Gibraltar
2. Additional information about bat species
3. State of conservation

In addition to the information included in the Atlas and Red List of the Terrestrial Mammals of Spain, the following articles prepared in the 1990s offer a good general approach to the problem of the conservation of bats in our territory in recent years:

  • Review of the state of conservation and protection of bats in Spain (Peninsula and Balearic Islands). J. Benzal & O. de Paz. 1991. The bats of Spain and Portugal. Technical Collection. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. ICONA. Madrid. Pp.: 141-162. 
  • National Plan for the Conservation of Cave-Dwelling BatsJ.M.  Palmeirim & L. Rodrigues. 1992. Biology and Nature Conservation Studies, 8. SNPRCN, Lisbon.
  • Current situation of bats in the Iberian Peninsula. 1997. J. T. Alcalde & O. de Paz. Quercus, 132: 18-22. 
4. Species protected by legislation

All species of bat identified in Spain are protected by state legislation:

In addition to this national law, there are also other international and regional regulations that extend the protection of some species (see section on Legislation).

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